With the latest army victory over Armenia, Ilham Heydar Oglu Aliyev, Azerbaijan’s President, has regained among the territory the nation misplaced to its neighbor within the 1991-94 battle. The larger problem earlier than the 56-year-old chief is to win the hearts of the 1000’s Armenians within the space restored to his nation, who should stay alongside the Azeri inhabitants that have been eating up distrust and hatred about them. Proper by the six-week confrontation, nonetheless, Mr. Aliyev demanded an apology from Armenia, dominated out dialogue, and insisted on the seize by army pressure of the Armenian majority area of Nagarno-Karabakh, which seceded from Azerbaijan in direction of the top of the Soviet Union.
The President’s dealing with the decades-long dispute demonstrated a complete disregard of the 1975 Helsinki ideas of the Organisation for European Security and Cooperation (OESC), which prohibit the usage of pressure and accord recognition for the equal proper to self-determination.
The lengthy political profession of the ex-oil government, who has acquired a doctorate in political science and different honors for his contribution within the area of sports activities, predates his anointment as Prime Minister by his ailing father and former President forward of the 2003 Presidential bid. Whereas that election was extensively criticized as rigged, Mr. Aliyev’s 17-year rule has been marked by an authoritarian type of governance at residence, leveraging the nation’s oil wealth and the pursuit of deft diplomacy overseas.
Mr. Aliyev disbursed with the constitutionally stipulated two time period restriction for the President in a 2009 referendum, one yr after his re-election. He was merely following within the footsteps of his father who, in a 2002 plebiscite, made a provision for the President to be succeeded by the Prime Minister, reasonably than the Speaker of Parliament.
His tightly managed 2016 referendum to change the structure was severely criticized by the Venice Commission, a Council of Europe physique which displays constitutional legislation. Among the many sweeping modifications had been the extension of the presidential time period from 5 to seven years and the creation of the workplace of the Vice President. The place, occupied by Mr. Aliyev’s spouse Mehriban Aliyeva since February 2017, makes her a possible frontrunner for the presidency. Activists alleged that the transfer contravened the provisions of anti-corruption legislation that barred officers from appointing shut relations to serve below them. One other change, to dispense with the age criterion for candidates, sparked the hypothesis that Mr. Aliyev may very well be grooming his son for a top workplace sooner or later.
Human rights abuses
The in-depth human rights abuses in opposition to activists difficult the Aliyev household’s document of corruption has garnered world consideration. Most notable is the Might 2019 European Courtroom of Human Rights’ unanimous ruling on Baku’s infringement of its unique 2014 verdict. The latter pertains to the detention between 2013 and 2018 of Ilgar Mammadov, a distinguished opposition politician, who had proposed to contest the 2013 presidential race. Mr. Mammadov was lastly acquitted in April 2020.
In 2016, U.S. Congressmen proposed the Azerbaijan Democracy Act to sanction people within the larger echelons of the nation’s political and administrative equipment. The European Parliament within the earlier yr adopted a decision condemning the ban on peaceable protests within the capital Baku since 2006 and the intimidation and repression of defenders of human rights below Mr. Aliyev’s watch.
The discharge amongst others, of Khadija Ismayilova, the investigative journalist who was sentenced to seven and a half years was seen as a try and mollify western powers by Mr. Aliyev’s authorities confronted with a monetary crunch following the stoop in oil costs.
After which he launched the battle in late September and the army’s beneficial properties appear to have bolstered his strongman picture. After six weeks of combating, Mr. Aliyev agreed to finish the operations within the Russia-brokered deal in return for Armenia’s retreat. The peace-keeping deal, nonetheless, isn’t considerably completely different from the ceasefire of the 1990s the senior Aliyev brokered however with none lasting settlement. That’s the problem President Ilham Aliyev is dealing with even amid victory.